History of the city of Esslingen

Chronicle of the city of Esslingen am Neckar

Esslingen: A proud, medieval Imperial City, early flourishing industrial city, and a modern, central location for economy and education. Esslingen has a proud, rich history that can still be felt and experienced to this very day.



Small Timetable

around 1000 BC until 100-200 AD

around 1000 BC

Traces of human settlements from the late Urnfield period found underneath today’s Stadtkirche.

around 100-200 AD.

Remains of Roman settlement found in the same place.


around 650 - 1000 AD

650-750

The Neckargau region, which encompasses Esslingen as well, is ruled by the Merovingian family of Pleonungen.

777

First documented mention of Esslingen: Abbot Fulrad von Saint-Denis, chaplain to Pippin and Charlemagne, bequeathed the sixth cell above the Rhine Neckar given to him by the Alsatian noble Hafti (Hatto/Hetti) to the Saint Denis Imperial Monastery near Paris in the event of his death (784). The sixth cell was also the resting place of the bones of Saint Vitalis.

around 800

Esslingen received market rights.

866

King Ludwig of Germany confirmed the market rights of “Hetsilinga”, the former name of Esslingen.   

949-953

Esslingen is owned by Duke Liutolfs of Swabia.

um 950-1050

Esslingen is demonstrated as a mint.


1077 - 1388

1077

Rudolf von Rheinfelden holds a court meeting in the Oppidum.

1181

Documents show Esslingen as the administrative center of an area spanning mainly across the Filder highlands.

1213

Friedrich II hands over as a gift his Esslingen Pfarrkirche to the Speyer cathedral chapter.

1229

Esslingen’s city charter is first mentioned in a donation to the Salem Monastery.

1246

Battle of Frankfurt: Esslingen stands in opposition to the Counts of Wirtenberg, who were defeated in the battle of the Staufers; this marks the beginning of discord between Esslingen and Württemberg.

1259

First mention of the Outer Pliensau Bridge.

1286-1289

Rudolf von Habsburg uses Esslingen as a starting point for his attempts within Swabia to reestablish the Duchy of Swabia.

1295 and 1297

The Esslingen hospital acquires the villages of Möhringen and Vaihingen, which remain under Esslingen ownership until the end of the Old Empire.

1298

The first documented mention of Esslingen as an Imperial City; In a document of King Albrecht, the oldest son of Rudolf von Habsburg, Esslingen appears as one among the “empire’s cities” (in German: one of "des riches steten").

1310-1313

Imperial War of King Henry VII against Count Eberhard I of Württemberg; Esslingen bears the brunt of the war as a suburb of an intra-Swabian League of Towns.

1312

Along with other Württemberg cities, the city of Stuttgart subjects itself to the city of Esslingen and the Empire.

1316

Peace-circuit between Esslingen and Count Eberhard von Württemberg.

1316

First regiment order that allows the guilds legally recognized during the reign of Rudolf von Habsburg to participate in city government.

1377

The League of Towns defeats the counts of Württemberg in the Battle of Reutlingen.

1388

Victory of Count Eberhard of the Greiner of Württemberg over the League of Towns in the Battle of Döffingen.


1418 - 1693

1418-1443

The cities Esslingen, Reutlingen, Weil der Stadt, Heilbronn Wimpfen, and Rottweil form the so-called “Esslingen Union”, an intra-Swabian League of Towns lead by Esslingen.

1418-1454

Great Swabian city war against Count Eberhard the Beloved of Württemberg, sparked by disputes between Esslingen and Württemberg. Multiple sieges and destructions.

1423/1424

Construction of the city’s purchase and tax house (known today as the Old City Hall).

1449

Battle of Mutzenreis right next to the outer bridgehead of the Pliensau Bridge between the army of the Swabian cities and the knights of Ulrich von Württemberg and Bernhard von Baden; defeat of the cities.

1454

Peace is made between Esslingen and Württemberg. Esslingen asks the Margraves of Baden to protect its privileges and freedoms.

1472

Treaty of Trier between Esslingen and Ulrich von Württemberg, which assures Esslingen’s citizens that all possessions within their county will remain exempt from taxation.

1473

A contract is made between Esslingen and Württemberg that guarantees Württemberg’s protection of the Imperial City in exchange for a sum of money. This contract was continually renewed and remained in place until the loss of the Imperial immediacy.

1488

Foundation of the "Swabian League" in Esslingen, which the city joins in the same year.

1499

Esslingen mercenaries participate in the Swabian League’s so-called “Swiss War”.

1519

Last battles between Esslingen and Württemberg.

1520-1527

Imperial Regiment and the Imperial Supreme Court in Esslingen. Adoption of the so-called "Esslingen Coin Order” as the first Imperial mind order.

1525

Interrogation of the Reutlingen preacher Matthew Alber before the Imperial Regiment in Esslingen.

1531

The Esslingen Council announces its decision to allow the Word of God to be freely preached according to Evangelical doctrine in the future.

1531

Esslingen joins the Schmalkaldic League.

1552

Karl V gives the city of Esslingen as predominantly aristocratic constitution, which maintained most of its validity until the end of the Old Empire.

1556/67 and 1571/72

The University of Tübingen relocates to Esslingen due to the plague.

1648

Esslingen retains its independence in the Peace of Westphalia.

1676

The hospital sells the Hohenheim Estate.

1688

General Mélac occupies Esslingen.

1693

Renewed occupation of the city by General Mazel.


1701 - 1894

1701

Great city fire.

1707

New occupational burdens through the city’s occupation by France’s General Villars.

1796

The Battle of Esslingen and Weil between the French General La Roche and the Archduke Charles of Austria takes place in the wake of the Coalition Wars, which repeatedly affected the city of Esslingen directly.

1802-1803

Esslingen becomes a chief administrative city of Württemberg.

1809

Christian Gottlieb Steudel, owner of a wool and textile business, asks permission to build a cloth factory, Esslingen’s first factory (until 1825). Steudel’s example is followed 7 years later by Rudy from Neuwied, who built a metal coating factory, and Hans Caspar Bodmer from Stäfa near Zurich, who founded a glove factory.

1811

Foundation of the Esslingen Teacher Seminar.

1818-1869

The City Hall, which was seized in 1803 and served as the seat of a Criminal Tribunal since 1806, becomes the seat of the District Court for the Neckar District.

1830

Esslingen is the most developed industrial city in the Kingdom of Württemberg.

1845

Württemberg’s first locomotive runs from Cannstatt to Esslingen.

1846

Foundation of the Esslingen Machine Works / Maschinenfabrik Esslingen.

1848

The request is made at the Württemberg Trade Congress Esslingen to build a Württemberg Central Office for Industry and Commerce (since June 17, 1848).

1851

Esslingen receives a telegraph station.

1854

The gas facility opens to supply the train station and larger factories.

1865

The Pliensau suburb is established on the left bank of the Neckar.

1894

Establishment of employment service offices, the very first Job Center in Germany.


1909 - 1999

1909

The first apartments of the homestead colony Neckarhalde are available.

1912

Opening of the tram line Obertürkheim - Mettingen - Oberesslingen.

1913, 1914

Incorporation of Oberesslingen and Oberhof.

Incorporation of Hegensberg and Kimmichsweiler.

Opening of the Royal Württemberg Building Trades School, Department of Mechanical Engineering, in Esslingen, today the Hochschule Esslingen.

1916

First semester at the State Higher School of Engineering Esslingen.

1919

A new Württemberg municipal code comes into effect.

Foundation of the Volkshochschule Esslingen (until 1933 and since 1946).

1926

The Esslingen Nellingen-Denkendorf tram line is put into operation. 
Completion of the Old City Hall renovations and inauguration of the carillon (1927).

1929

Opening of the Oberesslingen barrage and power station of the Neckar-AG.

1933

Dissolution of the Esslingen Municipal Council due to the "provisional law for the enforced conformity of the states with the Empire" (March 31st).

1935, 1938

Ceremonial inauguration of the new castle buildings.

Access to Weil domains and division of the markings Berkheim, Nellingen, and Uhlbach.

"Kristallnacht" in Esslingen: Crowds swarm to the Jewish orphanage. The synagogue is demolished, but not set on fire.

1944

Esslingen is the first Württemberg city to receive a network of urban trolleybuses.

1945

Esslingen is handed over to the Americans on April 22.

Foundation of the School of Church Music in the Evangelical State Church in Württemberg.

1952

Ground is broken for the new Neckartalstraße Esslingen-Plochingen.

1955

Ground is broken in the new Zollberg city district. The industrial area Neckarwiesen, which was first recognized in 1953, is developed into an “industrial island”.

1956

Completion of the Dieter-Roser Bridge (Sirnauer Bridge).

1959

Ground is broken in the new Lerchenäcker city district.

1964

Completion of the Mettinger Bridge.

1965

State Seminar for Student Teachers, now the Seminar for Teacher Education, begins in Esslingen. 

1966

Inauguration of the Church of St. Elisabeth in the Pliensauvorstadt.

1969

Technical Academy Esslingen starts operations in the new building in the in the Rotenackerstraße.

1970

Inauguration of the Adenauer Bridge.

1971

Inauguration of the Berkheimer Aufstiegstraße. Esslingen am Neckar becomes the county seat of the new greater region of Esslingen.

1972

Demolition of the old Schwätzbrückle. Opening of the Weiherzentrum. The City Hall’s carillon is renewed and expanded. Merkel-Park opens to the public. Inauguration of Esslingen’s first pedestrian zone, Inner Pliensau Bridge.

1973

Inauguration of the Vogelsang Bridge and the "small market".

1974

Berkheim (May 1st) and Zell (July 1st) are incorporated into the city of Esslingen on the basis of voluntary agreements. Inauguration of the high school complex on Flandernstraße. Inauguration of the Berkheim Indoor Swimming Pool.

1975

Foundation of the Medical Academy of Esslingen.

1977

1,200-year anniversary of the city of Esslingen am Neckar
The inner and outer castle square is renewed.
Inauguration of the new Children's Hospital.

1978

The Esslingen-Nellingen-Denkendorf tram ceases operations.

1981

Inauguration of the castle’s renovated powder tower.

1984

The Gatekeeper’s House / Bahnwärterhaus near the Villa Merkel becomes the State Gallery for Young Art. Inauguration of the redesigned port market.

1990


Storms destroy 38,000 cubic meters of wood in the forest.
800-year anniversary of Berkheim.
Opening of the Civil Office in the City Hall.

1991

Foundation of the Wohnbau Stadt Esslingen GmbH.
 

1995

Foundation of the City Senior Council.
Foundation of the Esslinger Stadtmarketing und Tourismus GmbH.
The Theodor-Haecker Prize is awarded for the first time.

1996

The University of Applied Sciences Esslingen - Technological College - moved to the new building on Kiesstraße.

1997

Foundation of the Esslingen Youth Council.

1998


A culture, leisure, and experience center opens in the "Dicke Building” / Dick Areal.
Esslingen receives an EU award for its involvement in town twinning.

1999

Opening of the  J.F. Schreiber Museum in the Salem Court.


from 2002

2002

1,225 years of Esslingen city history.
Opening of the “Das ES” trade center on Bahnhofstraße.
Completion of the renovation work on the Old City Hall.

2003

The State Heritage Authority moves into the “Altes Schelztorgymnasium” building.
Esslingen receives the Europe Plaque from the European Council for its town-twinning activities.

2005

Opening of the Neckar Forum culture and congress center, complete with hotel.



Info

Esslinger Stadtmarketing & Tourismus GmbH (EST)
Marktplatz 16 (Späth’sches Haus)
73728 Esslingen a. N.
Phone (07 11) 39 69 39-0

Hilfreiche Seiten

No ratings available
*Under some circumstances, no or less than 10 results are displayed