Piotrkow Trybunalski - Poland
Piotrkow Trybunalski is a city in central Poland, and is situated in the Łódź Voivodeship. Considerable medieval architecture survives in the Old Town of this attractive, picturesque city.
The oval-shaped outline of the city, the market, the angular streets, the houses with inner courtyards and unique atmospheres as well as deep cellars from the medieval period are all counted among the city’s distinguishing features. Numerous castles, monasteries and churches as well as the remains of the medieval wall dating from the 15th Century all characterise the cityscape. The houses in the city center are gradually being renovated step by step. The majority of the 82,000 inhabitants of Piotrkow Trybunalski live in the residential districts around the edge of the city, which are to a small extent determined by social group.
The first part of the city’s name, Piotrkow, is derived from the name of the city’s founder, the nobleman Piotr Dunin, who lived during the first half of the 12th Century. The second name, Trybunalski, is in reference to the highest court of justice during the former Polish Republic - the King’s Tribunal. The King’s Tribunal was based in Piotrkow Trybunalski between 1578 and 1792.
Thanks to its favourable location on the trade route between Pomerania, Russia and Hungary, the settlement grew rapidly and became a city in 1292. The city enjoyed its boom period in the 15th and 16th Centuries. Large scale fires, the invasion of Swedish troops in the 17th Century and the dissolution of the Imperial Tribunal in the 18th Century announced the beginning of the city’s decline. In 1846, following the construction of the Vienna-Warsaw railway (which passed through Piotrkow Trybunalski), the city experienced a new period of economic upturn - a new city center and industrial hub developed between the Old Town and the railway line.
Piotrkow Trybunalski is considered to be the cradle of Polish parliamentarianism. At a general assembly of the nobility called by King Jan Olbracht in 1493, the Polish parliament obtained the bicameral structure that is still in place to this day - the Senate (the upper chamber) and the Sejms (the lower chamber).
Education and culture
Piotrkow is known for liberal ideas. The numerous educational institutions are deeply rooted in the tradition of the famous reformers of the Enlightenment era, Frycz Modrzewski and Hieronym Stanislaw Konarski. More than 6,000 students are enrolled at the Akademia Swietokrzyska University. Students also have access to a range of musical study programs as well as acting lessons for theatre and film, music, dance and visual arts. The Jan Paderewski Music School is renowned for its excellent standard of education. National and international music contests take place there each year.
The Piotrkow Culture Center is a popular place to meet - and not just for the city’s younger residents. A colourful program of cultural events is offered all year round, with an emphasis on performance art, video and sound art and installations. The international Music and Dance Festival is the highlight of the city’s annual cultural program.
Economy and tourism
The main branches of industry in Piotrkow Trybunalski are machinery, wood, glass and textiles. In recent years, several large logistics and construction companies have also settled in the city. After Lodz, the city is the second largest industrial center in the region. Piotrkow Trybunalski’s convenient location makes the city an attractive prospect for investors and businesses. There is also a small airport in the city. Piotrkow has made a name for itself through its international trade fairs and exhibitions.
The artificially-formed Lake Bugaj on the edge of the city is a popular spot for relaxation and an insider’s tip for keen anglers!